SLC36 family of proton-coupled amino acid transporters C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

Overview

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Members of the SLC36 family of proton-coupled amino acid transporters are involved in membrane transport of amino acids and derivatives. The four transporters show variable tissue expression patterns and are expressed in various cell types at the plasma-membrane and in intracellular organelles. PAT1 is expressed at the luminal surface of the small intestine and absorbs amino acids and derivatives [3]. In lysosomes, PAT1 functions as an efflux mechanism for amino acids produced during intralysosomal proteolysis [2,14]. PAT2 is expressed at the apical membrane of the renal proximal tubule [5] and at the plasma-membrane in brown/beige adipocytes [16]. More comprehensive lists of substrates can be found within the reviews under Further Reading and in the references.

Transporters

PAT1 (Proton-coupled Amino acid Transporter 1 / SLC36A1) C Show summary »

PAT2 (Proton-coupled Amino acid Transporter 2 / SLC36A2) C Show summary »

PAT3 (Proton-coupled Amino acid Transporter 3 / SLC36A3) C Show summary »

PAT4 (Proton-coupled Amino acid Transporter 4 / SLC36A4) C Show summary »

Further reading

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References

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

SLC36 family of proton-coupled amino acid transporters. Accessed on 30/04/2017. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=223.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Kelly E, Marrion N, Peters JA, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA and CGTP Collaborators (2015) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2015/16: Transporters. Br J Pharmacol. 172: 6110-6202.