Phospholipase A2 C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

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Overview

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Phospholipase A2 (PLA2, EC 3.1.1.4) cleaves the sn-2 fatty acid of phospholipids, primarily phosphatidylcholine, to generate lysophosphatidylcholine and arachidonic acid. Most commonly-used inhibitors (e.g. bromoenol lactone, arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone or methyl arachidonyl fluorophosphonate) are either non-selective within the family of phospholipase A2 enzymes or have activity against other eicosanoid-metabolising enzymes.

Secreted or extracellular forms: sPLA2-1B, sPLA2-2A, sPLA2-2D, sPLA2-2E, sPLA2-2F, sPLA2-3, sPLA2-10 and sPLA2-12A

Cytosolic, calcium-dependent forms: cPLA2-4A, cPLA2-4B, cPLA2-4C, cPLA2-4D, cPLA2-4E and cPLA2-4F

Other forms: PLA2-G5, iPLA2-G6, PLA2-G7 and PAFAH2 (platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 2)

Enzymes

sPLA2-1B C Show summary » More detailed page

sPLA2-2D C Show summary »

sPLA2-2E C Show summary »

sPLA2-2F C Show summary »

sPLA2-2A C Show summary » More detailed page

PLA2-G7 C Show summary » More detailed page

sPLA2-3 C Show summary »

sPLA2-10 C Show summary »

sPLA2-12A C Show summary »

cPLA2-4A C Show summary » More detailed page

cPLA2-4B C Show summary »

cPLA2-4C C Show summary »

cPLA2-4D C Show summary »

cPLA2-4E C Show summary »

cPLA2-4F C Show summary »

PLA2-G5 C Show summary »

iPLA2-G6 C Show summary »

platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase 2 C Show summary »

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

Phospholipase A2. Accessed on 14/12/2017. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=275.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Marrion NV, Peters JA, Faccenda E, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA; CGTP Collaborators. (2017) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 174 Suppl 1: S272-S359.